Advisor

Elder, Steven H.

Committee Member

Wise, Dwayne A.

Committee Member

McFadyen, Gary

Committee Member

Warnock, James N.

Committee Member

McLaughlin, Ronald M.

Date of Degree

1-1-2005

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Abstract

In search of better scaffolding materials for in vitro culture of chondrocytes, the combination of chitosan (similar to glycosoaminoglycans) and gelatin (denatured collagen) was tested due to its resemblance to cartilage extra-cellular matrix (ECM). Porous scaffolds were fabricated from chitosan gelatin blends (1:1, 2:1, and 3:1). The response of chondrocytes to them was evaluated from the amount of sulphated GAG and collagen type 2 secreted after 3 and 5 weeks. The effect due to static (transwell inserts) and dynamic (rotating bioreactor) culture methods was analyzed. Results indicate that 1:1 chitosan gelatin blends showed the best chondro-conductive potential. The rotating bioreactor facilitated better cell distribution across scaffold but did not show higher ECM secretion compared to transwell culture after 3 weeks. Gelatin leeched out by dissolution in culture media and left an open and interconnected chitosan network. Chitosan gelatin scaffolds show a potential for use in cartilage tissue engineering applications

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/17348

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