Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Walker, W. Timothy

Committee Member

Varco, J. Jac

Committee Member

Bond, A. Jason

Committee Member

Buehring, W. Nathan

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access



Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Plant and Soil Sciences


Improving nitrogen (N) use efficiency is crucial for maximizing growth and yield in rice production. Tools to determine precise midseason N rates as well as knowledge of the effects of starter fertilizer N applications on rice growth and yield are lacking. Field experiments were conducted in 2007 and 2008 at the Delta Research and Extension Center to evaluate canopy reflectance as a means for determining yield and N nutrition at midseason and to assess agronomic effects and N recovery efficiency of starter fertilizer N. Measurable in-season parameters were significantly related to grain yield. Grain yield and measured parameters were related to canopy reflectance. The results of this study support the continued research of canopy reflectance for predicting N nutrition indicators and yield. Minimal growth responses were observed when starter N was applied to seedling rice. Nitrogen recovery increased significantly throughout the growing season; however, less than 20% recovery was obtained.