Advisor

Nannapaneni, Ramakrishna

Committee Member

Schilling, M. Wes

Committee Member

Kim, Taejo

Committee Member

Sharma, Chander Shekhar

Committee Member

Haque, Zahur Z.

Date of Degree

1-1-2013

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to induce an oxidative-stress adaptation in Listeria monocytogenes Bug600 (serotype 1/2a) and F1057 (serotype 4b) by pre-exposing to sublethal H2O2 and alkali-stress either singly or sequentially. Our findings show that the sequential pre-exposure of cells to pH 9 for 30 min treatment followed by 50 ppm H2O2 for 30 min at 37°C yielded the highest oxidative-stress resistant phenotypes of L. monocytogenes Bug600 and F1057. The sublethal H2O2 and sublethal alkali-stress induced oxidative-stress adaptations were completely reversible within 60 min at 37°C in the absence of such sublethal stress. However, the oxidative-stress adaptation induced at 37°C was stable at 4°C over a 24 h test period in both L. monocytogenes Bug600 and F1057. Future studies will focus on the potential cross-resistance of oxidative-stress adapted L. monocytogenes serotypes 1/2a and 4b to commonly used disinfectants and GRAS antimicrobials.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/18875

Share

COinS