Implementation and Evaluation of a School-Based Anti-Tobacco Program in Mauritius: A Pilot Study to Assess the Usefulness and Reliability of a Tobacco Use Prevention Education Instrument
Oliver, Brittney D.
Evans, Jr., Marion W.
Date of Degree
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Visible to MSU only for 3 years
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion
Tobacco use among Mauritian adolescents has increased steadily since 2008. Currently, Mauritius has not implemented any school-based anti-tobacco program and there is no instrument to assess the effectiveness of existing anti-tobacco school policies. Since the first cigarette can rapidly lead to nicotine dependence, targeted interventions must be assessed before established patterns of smoking appear. This study evaluated a tobacco use prevention education instrument to determine the effectiveness of a school-based anti-tobacco program. 26 male students completed a survey before and after receiving anti-tobacco lessons. Smoking initiation age could not predict likelihood of tobacco addiction (r(12)=0.320, p=0.311). However, after receiving the anti-tobacco lessons, participants were less likely to believe that youth who smoke have more friends (p<0.001) and were more knowledgeable about tobacco’s dangers (t(25)=3.94, p=0.001). This indicated that, with a few changes, the instrument can be used to assess the implementation of a school-based anti-tobacco program in Mauritius.
Hussenbocus, Shariah, "Implementation and Evaluation of a School-Based Anti-Tobacco Program in Mauritius: A Pilot Study to Assess the Usefulness and Reliability of a Tobacco Use Prevention Education Instrument" (2018). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 2626.