Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Varco, J. Jac

Committee Member

Walker, W. Timothy

Committee Member

Koger, H. Clifford

Committee Member

Cox, S. Michael

Date of Degree

5-1-2011

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Department

Department of Plant and Soil Sciences

Abstract

Within Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas, rice acreage is rotated with soybean due to both crops’ adaptability to the clay soils of the midsouthern USA. Two row patterns, two maturity groups, and six seeding rates were examined at Stoneville, MS, in 2009-2010, with respect to soybean growth and yield produced on silt loam soil. Optimal yield for MG IV was 333,000 seed ha-1 (297,000 plants ha-1). Twin-row soybean increased seed yield 7 to 10% more than single-row due to greater LAI, NDVI, and node and pod production. Rice field experiments quantified N loss via ammonia volatilization and determined grain yield for various N sources and preflood application timing. Cumulative ammonia volatilization loss on Tunica clay was minimal (10% of applied N). Grain yields were 6% less when fertilizer was applied 10 days before flood (dbf) as compared to 1 dbf; N sources are available to minimize ammonia volatilization loss.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/15053

Comments

seeding rates||soybean||ammonia volatilization||nitrogen fertilizer source and application timing||row pattern||rice||maturity group

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