Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Bricka, R. Mark

Committee Member

Minerick, Adrienne R.

Committee Member

Toghiani, Hossein

Committee Member

Walters, Keisha B.

Date of Degree

1-1-2017

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

College

James Worth Bagley College of Engineering

Department

Dave C. Swalm School of Chemical Engineering

Abstract

Increasing volumes of Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA) treated wood materials are being removed from service, either as a result of reaching the end of their service life or being replaced with non-treated wood materials. These materials, while not regulated as hazardous wastes, have the potential to leach toxic metals into the environment. Incineration and landfilling are not ideal disposal methods as incineration could result in the volatilization of carcinogenic arsenic and chromium, while landfilling requires the waste to be sorted and placed in appropriately lined landfills to prevent contaminant release. Viable disposal methods must be considered to manage the significant waste stream of CCA-treated wood. This study investigates pyrolysis and electrokinetics (EK) as possible remediation techniques for the treatment of CCA-treated wood waste. A unique bench pyrolysis reactor was designed and optimized over three pyrolysis temperatures for retention of CCA metals within the char and bio-oil pyrolysis products. A batch pyrolysis system was constructed to produce large quantities of pyrolysis char for use in EK experiments. Mass balances were performed across both bench and batch pyrolysis systems, with metal distribution trends ascertained. EK experiments were performed on the char generated during batch pyrolysis as well as CCA-treated wood waste to evaluate the efficiency of coupling the two technologies. These EK studies were performed using pH regulation at the cathode and applying constant current. Distribution of the CCA metals post-EK experiment was determined and removal efficiencies were calculated. The mobility of the CCA metals was evaluated during all phases of this investigation using Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure (SPLP), and Deionized Water Leaches to determine the likelihood of metal leaching under different environmental conditions.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/19964

Comments

remediation||electrokinetic||pyrolysis||chromated copper arsenate||CCA

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