Mississippi State University
Follett, Randolph F.
Date of Degree
Dissertation - Open Access
Doctor of Philosophy
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Department of Aerospace Engineering
Recent rapid advances in computing, communication, sensing, and actuation, together with miniaturization technologies, have offered unprecedented opportunities to employ large numbers of autonomous vehicles (air, ground, and water) working cooperatively to accomplish a mission. Cooperative control of such multi-agent dynamical systems has potential impact on numerous civilian, homeland security, and military applications. Compared with single-agent control problems, new theoretical and practical challenges emerge and need to be addressed in cooperative control of multiagent dynamical systems, including but not limited to problem size, task coupling, limited computational resources at individual agent level, communication constraints, and the need for real-time obstacle/collision avoidance. In order to address these challenges, a unified optimal multi-agent cooperative control strategy is proposed to formulate the multi-objective cooperative control problem into one unified optimal control framework. Many cooperative behaviors, such as consensus, cooperative tracking, formation, obstacle/collision avoidance, or flocking with cohesion and repulsion, can be treated in one optimization process. An innovative inverse optimal control approach is utilized to include these cooperative objectives in derived cost functions such that a closedorm cooperative control law can be obtained. In addition, the control law is distributed and only depends on the local neighboring agents’ information. Therefore, this new method does not demand intensive computational load and is easy for real-time onboard implementation. Furthermore, it is very scalable to large multi-agent cooperative dynamical systems. The closed-loop asymptotic stability and optimality are theoretically proved. Simulations based on MATLAB are conducted to validate the cooperative behaviors including consensus, Rendezvous, formation flying, and flocking, as well as the obstacle avoidance performance.
Wang, Jianan, "Multi-Agent Cooperative Control via a Unified Optimal Control Approach" (2011). Theses and Dissertations. 3217.