Theses and Dissertations


Lei Zhang

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Zhang, Li

Committee Member

Li, Pengfei

Committee Member

Bian, Linkan

Committee Member

Gude, Veera Gnaneswar

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Civil Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering


This dissertation discusses network wide signal control strategies base on connected vehicle technology. Traffic congestion on arterials has become one of the largest threats to economic competitiveness, livability, safety, and long-term environmental sustainability in the United States. In addition, arterials usually experience more blockage than freeways, specifically in terms of intersection congestion. There is no doubt that emerging technologies provide unequaled opportunities to revolutionize “retiming” and mitigate traffic congestion. Connected vehicle technology provides unparalleled safety benefits and holds promise in terms of alleviating both traffic congestion and the environmental impacts of future transportation systems. The objective of this research is to improve the mobility, safety and environmental effects at signalized arterials with connected vehicles. The proposed solution of this dissertation is to formulate traffic signal control models for signalized arterials based on connected vehicle technology. The models optimize offset, split, and cycle length to minimize total queue delay in all directions of coordinated intersections. Then, the models are implemented in a centralized system—including closed-loop systems—first, before expanding the results to distributed systems. The benefits of the models are realized at the infant stage of connected vehicle deployment when the penetration rate of connected vehicles is around 10%. Furthermore, the benefits incentivize the growth of the penetration rate for drivers. In addition, this dissertation contains a performance evaluation in traffic delay, volume throughput, fuel consumption, emission, and safety by providing a case study of coordinated signalized intersections. The case study results show the solution of this dissertation could adapt early deployment of connected vehicle technology and apply to future connected vehicle technology development.



Safety||Connected Vehicle||Traffic Signal Coordination||Signal Optimization||Fuel Consumption and Emission