King, Roger L.
Younan, Nicolas H.
Follett, Randolph F.
Frazier, William Garth
Date of Degree
Dissertation - Open Access
Doctor of Philosophy
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
This dissertation examines and analyzes novel techniques that are useful in the collection and processing of data from a Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Radar. The major topics discussed in this work are: reduction of amplitude modulation, signature collection without an anechoic chamber, transforming a signature into a matched filter, accounting for electromagnetic interference, accounting for digital noise, and the application of a Support Vector Machine to achieve classification. In addition, this work also provides a broad overview of a framework specifically developed to improve detection and classification without requiring expensive hardware modification. The four main categories analyzed in this work are distortion, spectral signature, optimal detection, and classification. Some notable contributions in this work include the assessment of a novel technique’s effectiveness to improve model accuracy by accounting for amplitude modulation in an FMCW radar, as well as discussion of improved techniques to perform signature collection with an FMCW radar in the absence of an anechoic chamber. The signature collection technique is a novel approach that utilizes physics and wavelets in an effort to improve Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). This work also considers a novel technique to convert an FMCW target signature into coefficients for a matched filter, thus allowing for the full mathematical application of the optimal matched filter. In addition, this work provides an analysis of the improved performance of an FMCW radar through the development and use of a novel technique to account for both electromagnetic interference and digital noise. Finally the initial discovery, development, and refinement of an innovative application using SVM to classify the matched filter results of FMCW radar targets is given, thus resulting in previously uncollected and undocumented viable baseline data.
Null, Thomas C, "Novel Techniques for Processing Data with an FMCW radar" (2013). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 3319.