Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Silva, Juan L.

Committee Member

Coggins, Patti C.

Committee Member

Matta, Frank B.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Food Science and Technology

Degree Name

Master of Science


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion


Water and a copper sulfate (CSL) solution at 27, 57 and 88°C; steam pasteurization and dielectric heating were analyzed on their effect in reducing microbial load (APC) and Salmonella Typhimurium on inshell pecans (Carya illinoinensis). The CSL solution (more effective than water alone) reduced APC by 1.5 (300 s), 2 (60 s) and 4.0 (60 s) log CFU/g at 27, 57 and 88°C, respectively; and Salmonella by 3.0 log at 27°C in 60 s. Steam reduced APC by 3.7 log in 180 s and Salmonella by 4.0 log CFU/g in 30 s. Dielectric treatment reduced APC by 3.0 log and Salmonella by 4.5 log CFU/g in 60 s. Most treatments had no effect on the pecan shell or the nut quality, except for dielectric heating, which gave a slight "roasted" or "burnt" flavor to the nuts. This study showed that a proper antimicrobial-hot water treatment, steam or dielectric heating will be effective in "pasteurizing" pecans, resulting in a safe and wholesome product.



dielectric heating||pasteurization||antimicrobial||Salmonella||Pecans