Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Pittman, Charles U., Jr.

Committee Member

Wipf, David O.

Committee Member

Sygula, Andrzej

Committee Member

Zhang, Dongmao

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access



Degree Name

Master of Science


College of Arts and Sciences


Department of Chemistry


Conventional primary Li/CFx batteries employ graphite and polyvinylidene fluoride additives in the cathodes. These additives usher in some un-desired side-effects, such as lower battery capacities (mAh/g) and smaller current densities (mA/g). An innovative pretreatment was developed in this research in which CFx was subject to a “solvated electron” reduction to obtain a thin layer graphitic carbon coating on the CFx particle surfaces. Resistivity tests revealed that these partially reduced CFx particles have a higher conductivity at comparable graphitic carbon contents. Electrochemical discharge reactions demonstrated that batteries made from the reduced CFx were superior to the conventional batteries with higher current densities and higher capacities achieved. Impedance spectroscopy (EIS) studies found out that the reduced CFx particles have smaller cell reaction resistances, smaller double layer/intercalation capacitances and smaller mass transport resistances. It appears that use of reduced CFx has the potential to replace the conventional CFx plus additives as a cathode material in Li/CFx batteries.