Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Stewart, Barry R.

Committee Member

Baldwin, Christian M.

Committee Member

McCurdy, James D.

Committee Member

Reddy, K. Raja

Committee Member

Kreuser, William C.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Plant and Soil Sciences


Research was conducted using the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere-Research (SPAR) units at Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS to investigate temperature effects on warm- and cool-season turfgrasses. Data collected include clipping yield, total root biomass, and relative chlorophyll index (RCI). Cultivars and species in the study included: ‘Latitude 36’, ‘Tifway’, ‘MSB-285’, and ‘TifEagle’ bermudagrass, ‘Meyer’ zoysiagrass, ‘Penn A1/A4’ and ‘Penncross’ creeping bentgrass, ‘Midnight’ Kentucky bluegrass, ‘Fiesta 4’ perennial ryegrass, and ‘Falcon V’ tall fescue. Grasses were grown in the SPAR units at varying day/night temperature regimes. Clipping yield was collected every three days, and regression was used to determine the temperature at which clipping yield equaled zero. Root biomass was collected at the conclusion of the trial, while RCI was taken once weekly. Base temperature for warm-season grasses ranged from 12.5 to 13.2°C. Determined optimum temperatures ranged from 31.8 to 36.1°C for warm-season turfgrasses and 18.8 to 20.6°C for cool-season turfgrasses.



growing degree days||chlorophyll index||root mass||optimum temperatures||Base temperatures