Mississippi State University
Simpson, Chartrisa LaShan
Howell, George Eli, III
Elder, Steven H.
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Cardiovascular disease is most deadly medical condition in the United States. Medial vascular calcification is a disease that often precedes other more serious cardiovascular diseases that have high mortality. In order to research new therapies for the treatment of medial vascular calcification, an in vitro cell culture model must be developed that mimics the process in vivo. This disease is shown to be an active, cell-mediated process where the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in the arteries are differentiating into osteoblast-like cells and depositing hydroxyapatite mineral in the artery walls. By administering inorganic phosphate to cell culture medium, an osteogenic shift can initiated in VSMCs in vitro resulting in calcium deposition and an increase in bone related proteins. We propose to develop and characterize a model for vascular calcification and investigate the effects of magnesium supplementation on in vitro calcification and cellular phosphate uptake.
Grant, Joshua Nathaniel, "The Development of a Model for Vascular Calcification and the Effects of Magnesium Supplementation on in Vitro Calcification" (2015). Theses and Dissertations. 4311.