Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Williams, Frankie K.

Committee Member

Armstrong, Clay

Committee Member

King, Stephanie B.

Committee Member

McMullan, Leigh Ann

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Elementary, Middle, and Secondary Education Administration

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Education


Department of Educational Leadership


Student achievement is one of the most important aspects of school life. With the rise in current standards and the pace to which teachers and students are expected to conduct their lessons, teachers must find ways to improve student behaviors by nonpunitive discipline techniques. Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a form of classroom management that focuses on the good behavior rather than the bad behavior. A rural school in Mississippi took on such an initiative by implementing PBIS as a schoolwide discipline management plan after the 2011-2012 school year. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of the implementation of PBIS on the number of discipline referrals and conduct trend analysis of the number of discipline referrals after the schoolwide implementation of PBIS. Further, the study sought to determine if there were statistically significant relationships between the number of discipline referrals and English language arts score and the number of discipline referrals and mathematics scores. An existing database from a rural school in Mississippi was compiled and analyzed for the purpose of the study. Data were analyzed for a year before PBIS implementation and seven years following PBIS implementation. The findings of the study indicated there was a statistically significant difference in the number of discipline referrals before PBIS implementation when compared to the first year following full implementation. The trend data indicated that Black males consistently had the highest number of discipline referrals and had the lowest test scores in ELA and mathematics. Further, the findings showed there were consistently negative relationships among the number of discipline referrals and ELA scores and the number of discipline referrals and mathematics scores.



PBIS||student discipline