Theses and Dissertations


Qian Wang

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Roskelley, Kenneth D.

Committee Member

Cline, Brandon N.

Committee Member

Sullivan, Joe H.

Committee Member

Highfield, Michael J.

Committee Member

Campbell, Randall C.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access



Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Business


Department of Finance and Economics


Affine term structure models (ATSMs) are one set of popular models for yield curve modeling. Given that the models forecast yields based on the speed of mean reversion, under what circumstances can we distinguish one ATSM from another? The objective of my dissertation is to quantify the benefit of knowing the “true” model as well as the cost of being wrong when choosing between ATSMs. In particular, I detail the power of out-of-sample forecasts to statistically distinguish one ATSM from another given that we only know the data are generated from an ATSM and are observed without errors. My study analyzes the power and size of affine term structure models (ATSMs) by evaluating their relative out-of-sample performance. Essay one focuses on the study of the oneactor ATSMs. I find that the model’s predictive ability is closely related to the bias of mean reversion estimates no matter what the true model is. The smaller the bias of the estimate of the mean reversion speed, the better the out-of-sample forecasts. In addition, my finding shows that the models' forecasting accuracy can be improved, in contrast, the power to distinguish between different ATSMs will be reduced if the data are simulated from a high mean reversion process with a large sample size and with a high sampling frequency. In the second essay, I extend the question of interest to the multiactor ATSMs. My finding shows that adding more factors in the ATSMs does not improve models' predictive ability. But it increases the models' power to distinguish between each other. The multiactor ATSMs with larger sample size and longer time span will have more predictive ability and stronger power to differentiate between models.