Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Linkan Bian

Committee Member

J. Edward Swan

Committee Member

Wenmeng Tian

Committee Member

Matthew Priddy

Committee Member

Nazanin Tajik (Morshedlou)

Date of Degree


Original embargo terms

Complete embargo for 1 year

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Industrial and Systems Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering


Additive manufacturing (AM) is a novel fabrication technique capable of producing highly complex parts. Nevertheless, a major challenge is improving the quality of the fabricated parts. While there are several ways of approaching this problem, developing data-driven methods that use AM process signatures to identify these part anomalies can be rapidly applied to improve the overall part quality during the build. The objective of this dissertation is to model multiple processes within the AM to quantify the quality of the parts and reduced the uncertainty due to variation in input process parameters. The objective of first study is to build a new layer-wise process signature model to characterize the thermal-defect relationship. Based on melt pool images, we propose novel layer-wise key process signatures, which are calculated using multilinear principal component analysis (MPCA) and are directly correlated with layer-wise quality of the part. Second study broadens the spectrum of the dissertation to include mechanical properties, where a novel two-phase modeling methodology is proposed for fatigue life prediction based on in-situ monitoring of thermal history. In final study, our objective is to pave the way toward a better understanding of the uncertainty in the process-defect-structures relationship using an inverse robust design exploration method. The method involves two steps. In the first step, mathematical models are developed to characterize and model the forward flow of information in the intended additive manufacturing process. In the second step, inverse robust design exploration is carried out to investigate satisfying design solutions that meet multiple AM goals.