Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Liu, Yucheng

Committee Member

Chen, Lei

Committee Member

Hammi, Youssef

Committee Member

Dickel, Doyl

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Mechanical Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering


A two-scale model consisting of ceramic grain scale and composite scale are developed to systematically evaluate the effects of microstructures (e.g., residual pores, grain size, texture) and geometry on the piezoelectric responses of the polarized triply periodic bi-continuous (TPC) piezocomposites. These TPC piezocomposites were fabricated by a recently developed additive manufacturing (AM) process named suspension-enclosing projection-stereolithography (SEPS) under different process conditions. In the model, the Fourier spectral iterative perturbation method (FSIPM) and the finite element method will be adopted for the calculation at the grain and composite scale, respectively. On the grain scale, a DL approach based on stacked generative adversarial network (StackGAN-v2) is proposed to reconstruct microstructures. The presented modeling approach can reconstruct high-fidelity microstructures of additively manufactured piezoceramics with different resolutions, which are statistically equivalent to original microstructures either experimentally observed or numerically predicted. Design maps for hydrostatic piezoelectric charging coefficients dh show they can achieve optimal performance at wide ranges of micro-porosity and geometry parameter u for the proposed TPC piezocomposites. In addition, geometry parameter u plays a dominant role in determining the intensity of hydrostatic voltage coefficient gh and hydrostatic figure of merit (HFOM) of all the presented TPC piezocomposites in the vicinity of the starting point of three-dimension (3D) interconnectivity. Within this range, these properties would increase first with the increasing of micro-porosity volume fraction (VF) and start to decrease once they reach peak values. The presented TPC piezocomposites exhibit a superb hydrostatic properties, with the same 20% VF of ceramics and 2% VF of micro-porosity with respect to composites and ceramics, respectively, TPC of face center cubic (FCC) demonstrates 327-fold enhancement of HFOM than that of the piezocomposite with three intersecting ceramic cuboids. The piezoelectric properties of FCC are superior to those of body center cubic (BCC) and simple cubic (SC). The calculated piezoelectric charging constants d33 and relative permittivity κ33 were then compared with the data measured from the products fabricated by the SEPS under different process conditions. The calculation results at both grain scale and composite scale were found to agree well with experimental results.