Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Fu, Yong

Committee Member

Karimi, Masoud

Committee Member

Tang, Bo

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Transformer is one of the most reliable components in an electric power system, however its failure has huge opportunity costs for an electric utility. In this work, we detect transformer electrical faults promptly and accurately classify the fault types using voltage/current data from Phasor Measurement Units. Our work can also eliminate uncertainties which are inherent in traditional transformer fault diagnostic techniques like dissolved gas analysis. In this thesis, first, possible causes of transformer failures are discussed, and four common transformer electrical faults are identified. Second, a comprehensive simulation model for electrical faults is developed. Third, fast and efficient abrupt change detection algorithms are applied for fault event detection. Finally, selected supervised machine learning classifiers are trained to classify type of transformer electrical faults. Our proposed work can be used with alarms and relays to notify system operators and remove the faults, as well as for post-mortem analysis of transformer failures.