Theses and Dissertations


Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Howard, Isaac L.

Committee Member

Vahedifard, Farshid

Committee Member

DuBien, Janice

Committee Member

Bian, Linkan

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Civil and Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering


Soil-cement is an integral part of pavement design, especially in areas that are aggregate deprived, such as Mississippi. Current designs are reliant on the relationship of unconfined compressive strength (UCS) to other mechanical properties. The other properties discussed in this dissertation are Modulus of Elasticity (E), Indirect Tensile Strength (St), and Modulus of Rupture (MOR). This dissertation includes a comprehensive review of past design methods and mechanical property relationships. While some mechanical property relationships were shown to be well understood (i.e. St to UCS), others were not as accurate, especially for the later life mechanical properties (i.e. MOR to UCS and E to UCS). This dissertation investigates the Plastic Mold (PM) Compaction (PM) Device and its ability to measure mechanical property relationships (UCS, E, St) for soil-cement as well as different materials, such as lime stabilized subgrade and Cold in Place Recycling (CIR) stabilized with cement. These mechanical property relationships were compared to soil-cement beam specimens, which are capable of being tested for the four previously mentioned mechanical properties from an individual specimen. Finally to have a better understanding of the later life mechanical properties and their relationships, PM and beam specimens were exposed to elevated temperatures to forecast out how these properties interrelate over time. These mechanical property values and relationship were then compared to Mississippi field cores ranging from 10 to 54 years old. These protocols, beam and elevated curing, were able to replicate what was seen for pavement cores that were extracted after decades of service. Over 1300 specimens were testing showing how these mechanical properties interacted from early ages and throughout a pavement’s life.