Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Bond, Jason A.

Committee Member

Cook, Donald R.

Committee Member

Irby, Jon Trenton

Committee Member

Krutz, L. Jason

Committee Member

Ebelhar, M. Wayne

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Plant and Soil Sciences

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Planting date, seeding rate, soil texture, and row configuration are important factors in soybean production. Each of these factors can impact overall production and yield of soybean immensely. Growers can have difficulty making decisions about how to best manage their production systems with these factors in mind. Therefore, research was conducted from 2019 to 2021 at the Delta Research and Extension Center in Stoneville, MS, to evaluate the agronomic performance, yield components, and weed control of soybean planted with different planting dates, row configurations, soil textures and/or seeding rates. Common row configurations utilized in Mississippi soybean production were compared to a triple-row configuration on raised beds. First planting dates occurred from late-April to early-May and second planting dates followed three weeks later. Each row configuration was planted at 320,000 seed ha-1 for agronomic studies. Seeding Rate Study was initiated where triple-row configuration plots were planted at 320,000, 445,000, and 553,000 seed ha-1. Total dry matter (TDM) was determined by removing a m-2 in each plot at soybean growth stage R6.5 and allowing samples to dry down and weigh them. Harvest index was determined by collecting seed from TDM samples and weighing them. Pod node-1, seed number, and node plant-1 were determined by collecting five random plants from each plot and counting the total number of pods, seed, and nodes. Soybean planted on silt loam at the first planting produced lower seed weight, seed number, and harvest index than soybean on clay soil at either planting date. Two row configurations, single- and triple-row, were planted on raised beds for weed control studies. Programs included PRE only, EPOST, LPOST, PRE fb EPOST, PRE fb LPOST, and PRE fb EPOST fb LPOST. Herbicide timings included 7, 14, 21, and 28 DA-crop emergence and each timing was followed by a sequential application 14 d after the initial application. Triple-row configuration had lower plant densities and produced lower yield than single- and twin-row configurations. Triple-row configuration soybean planted on clay soil and at 445,000 and 553,000 seed ha-1 produced greater yield than any other seeding rate or soil texture.