Mississippi State University
Harris, Jeffrey W.
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Agricultural Life Sciences
Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Entomology and Plant Pathology
The tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris, is an economically important polyphagous pest with a broad host range. With occurrence of insecticide resistance, strategies to limit its ability to reproduce, which would curb population growth, are becoming increasingly more valuable. Strategies toward this goal include the application of insect growth regulators (IGRs) and utilization of resistant cotton lines. This thesis summarizes experiments that elucidate the physiological underpinnings of the mode of action of novaluron, an IGR, and a cotton chromosome substitution (CS) line on the reproductive physiology of L. lineolaris. Investigations reported herein indicate that novaluron inhibits oviposition by inhibiting ovarian development and decreasing the expression of a gene (LlCHS-1) encoding chitin synthase. Transcriptomic analysis of ovarian tissue of L. lineolaris fed on a resistant CS line compared to a control line revealed the downregulation of genes involved in chitin synthesis and upregulation of genes involved in chitin degradation.
Anderson, James Houston Chance, "Studies on the impact of an insect growth regulator and host plant on reproductive physiology of Lygus lineolaris" (2022). Theses and Dissertations. 5525.