Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Sparks, Darrell L.

Committee Member

Brown-Johnson, Ashli

Committee Member

Reynolds, Daniel B.

Committee Member

Caprio, Michael A.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Agricultural Life Sciences

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Entomology and Plant Pathology


With new 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) tolerant crops, increases in off-target movement events are expected. New formulations may mitigate these events, but standard lab techniques are ineffective in identifying these 2,4-D formulations. Using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and machine learning algorithms, research was conducted to classify 2,4-D formulations in treated herbicide-tolerant soybeans and cotton and observe the influence of leaf treatment status and collection timing on classification accuracy. Pooled Classification models using k-nearest neighbor classified 2,4-D formulations with over 65% accuracy in cotton and soybean. Tissue collected 14 DAT and 21 DAT for cotton and soybean respectively produced higher accuracies than the pooled model. Tissue directly treated with 2,4-D also performed better than the pooled model. Lastly, models using timing and treatment status as factors resulted in higher accuracies, with cotton 14 DAT New Growth and Treated models and 28 DAT and 21 DAT Treated soybean models achieving the best accuracies.