Theses and Dissertations


Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Scott, Colleen N.

Committee Member

Emerson, Joseph P.

Committee Member

Wipf, David O.

Committee Member

Xin, Cui

Committee Member

Montiel-Palma, Vicky

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access



Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


College of Arts and Sciences


Department of Chemistry


Today, smart innovation has become an essential part of human life; thus, contemporary technologies are always looking for intelligent, responsive, and efficient materials to satisfy these demands. Consequently, synthetic "metals" or, more precisely, intrinsically conducting polymers (CPs) have begun to find a place as valuable and practical materials for a new generation of devices. Amongst all intrinsic conducting polymers, polyaniline (PANI) has attracted significant attention due to its outstanding air and moisture stability, simple preparation technique, and high electrical conductivity (chapter I).

Chapter II represents the synthesis of a new PANI derivative that contains a phenoxazine unit co-polymerized with p-phenylenediamine derivatives by the Buchwald/Hartwig reaction. These polymers are soluble in many common organic solvents, which permit their full characterization and allow for solution processing. The polymers' optical properties mimicked PANI; however, they were more electrochemically stable and soluble compared to PANI. In addition, the analogous PANI emeraldine base forms a large bathochromic shift in the absorption spectra upon acidic doping to form analogues of PANI emeraldine salts.

Chapter III describes our strategy to prepare economical, electrochemically stable, and processable PANI derivatives from carbazole and 1,4-aryldiamines for supercapacitor device. The polymers exhibit good solubility in various organic solvents, enabling a scalable spray-coating method to fabricate electrodes. The polymers were used to fabricate electrodes for supercapacitor devices and exhibit a maximum area capacitance of 64.8 mF cm−2 and specific capacitance of 319 F g−1 at a current density of 0.2 mA cm−2.

Chapter IV MXene has been recently widely applied to energy storage devices due to its metallic conductivity and excellent electrochemical Activities. However, MXene sheets suffer from the restacking phenomena during cycling. Restacking restricts the ion diffusions and storage capability between the MXene layers, which lowers the accessible surface area. The restacking phenomena of MXene sheets was shown to be eliminated by the deposition of conductive polymers on the surface of MXene sheets.