Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Li, Jiaxu

Committee Member

Peng, Zhaohua

Committee Member

Shan, Xueyan

Committee Member

Reddy, K. Raja

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Campus Access Only


Life Science (Biochemistry)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Entomology and Plant Pathology


Drought and temperature stress are the two most important factors limiting crop productivity. A physiological and proteomic analysis of soybean was performed to investigate the negative impact of these variables. The previous studies reported the beneficial effect of silicon under stress conditions. Silicon supplementation may promote plant growth under drought stress, although the mechanism to alleviate drought stress is uncertain. The proteomic analysis of chloroplast proteins was carried out to study the response of silicon supplementation under drought stress.

Similarly, temperature stress, mainly heat stress, has an adverse effect on soybean plants. The comparative analysis of two soybean cultivars, DS25-1 and DS31-243 was examined under ambient and elevated CO2 levels. The proteomic study employed two-dimensional gel analysis and mass spectrometry techniques to identify differentially expressed proteins under drought and temperature stress. The identified proteins are involved in metabolic processes, photosynthesis, signaling, redox homeostasis, and other cellular pathways. Most of these proteins were involved in metabolism, response to heat and photosynthesis showing significant cross-tolerance mechanisms.

The physiological parameters like stomatal conductance, transpiration, photosynthesis, and chlorophyll pigments were also studied. Silicon application improved plant growth under drought stress. However, at the elevated CO2 level, plants showed better growth under heat stress.

Together, these findings suggested the role of silicon and elevated CO2 concentration in drought and temperature stress in soybean. The differentially expressed proteins helped mitigate the negative impact of these stress, mainly the photosynthetic, antioxidant and heat shock proteins, and enhance crop growth and productivity under drought and heat stress.