Advisor

Chambers, Janice

Committee Member

Chambers, Howard

Committee Member

Crow, A. John

Date of Degree

5-1-2008

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science

Abstract

Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) has an anti-oxidative function in preventing the formation of oxidized lipoproteins (LDL and HDL) and hydrolyzing the active metabolites of some organophosphate insecticides (e.g., paraoxon and diazoxon) and other non-physiological substrates. PON1Q192R affects PON1 hydrolytic activity and its protective role against oxidative stress, thereby influencing susceptibility to cardiovascular disease among individuals. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of race, gender, and age on PON1 activities and PON1192 genotypes in Caucasian and African American Southerners. Serum samples from 200 individuals (equally distributed race and gender classes, ages 25-55) were assayed spectrophotometrically for paraoxon and diazoxon hydrolysis. Data indicate a positive correspondence between PON1192 genotypes and race and PON1 activity and race. Data do not indicate an influence of gender and age on PON1 activities or PON1192 genotypes. These results are useful in explaining the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in African Americans compared to Caucasians

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/15183

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