Mississippi State University
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion
The purpose of this study was to describe diet and/or physical activity-based interventions and their control in cardiometabolic risk factors of diabetes for the South Asian (SA) population. A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Seventeen randomized control trials meeting the inclusion criteria were included for analysis. Interventions with type-2 diabetic SA showed significant improvements in HbA1c% (4/5 studies), fasting blood glucose (3/4 studies), and postprandial glucose (2/2 studies). Interventions with at-risk/prediabetic and non-diabetic SA showed a modest change in overall outcomes, with significant change reported for post-prandial insulin (3/4 studies), BMI and weight (2/4 studies), and waist circumference (2/5 studies). These intervention studies showed modest control of risk factors particularly when the interventions included aspects of the culture and the attrition rate was lower. To be effective with South Asians, future studies need to have a culturally specific design, and a focus on both diet and physical activity.
Arora, Ishaan, "Effectiveness of intervention studies based on diet and/or physical activity in treatment, prevention, and management of diabetes among South Asians: A systematic review" (2023). Theses and Dissertations. 5929.
Cardiovascular Diseases Commons, Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons, Endocrine System Diseases Commons, Food Science Commons, Human and Clinical Nutrition Commons, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Commons, Nutritional Epidemiology Commons, Other Nutrition Commons, Physiology Commons