Theses and Dissertations


Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Mathews, Rahel

Committee Member

White, Shecoya

Committee Member

Tolar-Peterson, Terezie

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access



Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion


The purpose of this study was to describe diet and/or physical activity-based interventions and their control in cardiometabolic risk factors of diabetes for the South Asian (SA) population. A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Seventeen randomized control trials meeting the inclusion criteria were included for analysis. Interventions with type-2 diabetic SA showed significant improvements in HbA1c% (4/5 studies), fasting blood glucose (3/4 studies), and postprandial glucose (2/2 studies). Interventions with at-risk/prediabetic and non-diabetic SA showed a modest change in overall outcomes, with significant change reported for post-prandial insulin (3/4 studies), BMI and weight (2/4 studies), and waist circumference (2/5 studies). These intervention studies showed modest control of risk factors particularly when the interventions included aspects of the culture and the attrition rate was lower. To be effective with South Asians, future studies need to have a culturally specific design, and a focus on both diet and physical activity.