Theses and Dissertations


Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Sullivan, Rani W.

Committee Member

Tian, Zhenhua

Committee Member

Sepehrifar, Mohammad

Committee Member

Sescu, Adrian

Date of Degree


Original embargo terms

Embargo 1 Year

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Aerospace Engineering


The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of stitching architectures by using different stitching periodic patterns on the in-plane and out-of-plane mechanical properties. By using the inherent periodic architecture of these composites, their mechanical properties may be tailored for specific applications. Composite structures are extensively used in several industries such as aerospace, automotive, sports, and construction due to their many advantages, which include tailorable mechanical properties, high strength-to-weight ratios, and high specific stiffness. However, due to their low interlaminar tensile strength, composites are prone to delaminations, which can degrade the overall mechanical performance of the structure. Through-thickness stitching provides the third-direction reinforcement to enhance the interlaminar tensile and shear strengths. In this study, quasi-isotropic composite test articles were manufactured and stitched through-thickness using different chain stitch patterns. Full-field surface strain measurements were collected through the non-contact digital image correlation (DIC) technique. A design of experiments (DoE) approach was used to investigate the stitch parameters, such as stitch density (number of stitches per unit area), stitch angle (stitch seam orientation), and linear thread density (thread diameter), and their interactions on the in-plane and out-of-plane mechanical properties. Experimental results are then used to develop a statistically informed response surface model (RSM) to find optimal stitching parameters based on a maximum predicted tensile strength, tensile modulus and flexural strength.

Available for download on Sunday, December 15, 2024