Mississippi State University
Sullivan, Rani W.
Date of Degree
Original embargo terms
Embargo 1 Year
Dissertation - Open Access
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Department of Aerospace Engineering
The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of stitching architectures by using different stitching periodic patterns on the in-plane and out-of-plane mechanical properties. By using the inherent periodic architecture of these composites, their mechanical properties may be tailored for specific applications. Composite structures are extensively used in several industries such as aerospace, automotive, sports, and construction due to their many advantages, which include tailorable mechanical properties, high strength-to-weight ratios, and high specific stiffness. However, due to their low interlaminar tensile strength, composites are prone to delaminations, which can degrade the overall mechanical performance of the structure. Through-thickness stitching provides the third-direction reinforcement to enhance the interlaminar tensile and shear strengths. In this study, quasi-isotropic composite test articles were manufactured and stitched through-thickness using different chain stitch patterns. Full-field surface strain measurements were collected through the non-contact digital image correlation (DIC) technique. A design of experiments (DoE) approach was used to investigate the stitch parameters, such as stitch density (number of stitches per unit area), stitch angle (stitch seam orientation), and linear thread density (thread diameter), and their interactions on the in-plane and out-of-plane mechanical properties. Experimental results are then used to develop a statistically informed response surface model (RSM) to find optimal stitching parameters based on a maximum predicted tensile strength, tensile modulus and flexural strength.
Alaziz, Radwa, "Influence of periodic stitching on the in-plane and out-of-plane mechanical properties of polymer composites" (2023). Theses and Dissertations. 5987.
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