Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


McCleon, Tawny E.

Committee Member

May, David

Committee Member

Wei, Tianlan

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


School Psychology

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


College of Education


Department of Counseling, Higher Education Leadership, Educational Psychology, and Foundations


Exclusionary discipline practices are often considered to be generally ineffective and inequitable, however, they are one of the more common disciplinary practices used in schools today. Although there are many positive alternatives to school exclusion, there are limited disciplinary practices specifically intended to target discipline with racial equity in mind. The GREET-STOP-PROMPT (GSP) intervention, developed by Cook and colleagues (2018), is one intervention found in the literature explicitly created to reduce racial discipline disparities. Although there is currently limited research evaluating the GSP intervention, the results indicate it to be a potentially promising method of equitably addressing student behavior. The purpose of the current study was to extend the literature to examine the effects of the GSP intervention on racial discipline disparities, as well as students’ academic engagement and disruptive behavior in the classroom. The current study evaluated the GSP intervention across three elementary classrooms in a rural school district located in the southeastern United States. Results indicated the GSP intervention did not have meaningful effects on student exclusion, racial disparities, academic engagement, and disruptive behavior, which ultimately failed to support the current researcher’s hypotheses. However, there was limited discipline data available to draw conclusions specifically related to the intervention’s effect on student exclusion and discipline disparities. Further exploration is necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of the GSP intervention in addressing student behavior in the classroom and reducing racial discipline disparities.