Theses and Dissertations


Sang-Ryul Lee

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Pinchuk, M. Lesya

Committee Member

Hanson, A. Larry

Committee Member

Panuska, Carla

Committee Member

Coats, S. Karen

Committee Member

Pharr, Todd G.

Other Advisors or Committee Members

Filipov, M. Nikolay

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Veterinary Medical Science

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Veterinary Medicine


Veterinary Medical Science Program


Monocytes are professional antigen presenting cells (APC). They serve as precursors of macrophages and dendritic cells (DC). We have used cytopathic (cp) and non-cytopathic (ncp) Bovine Viral Diarrhea Viruses (BVDV) to determine the genes and proteins expression levels in bovine monocytes. Four specific aims were accomplished in this study. The first aim was to assess the baseline expression of the proteins involved in professional antigen presentation in bovine monocytes. The results showed that the differential detergent fractionation (DDF) approach can provide interpretable and meaningful functional information in bovine monocytes. The second aim was to evaluate the role of in vitro cp and ncp BVDV infection in the expression of the selected bovine genes involved in professional antigen presentation. The results showed that both BVDV could escape innate immune responses by modulating toll-like receptor (TLR) gene expression, followed by pro-inflammatory, type I interferon (IFN), Th1/Th2 type cytokine genes expression, and decreasing the expression levels of CD80/CD86 in professional APC. The third objective was to determine how the two biotypes affect selective antigen uptake, receptor-mediated endocytosis and non-selective uptake, macropinocytosis in bovine monocytes. The results indicated that bovine monocytes use macropinocytosis for a bulklow uptake of soluble antigens. The final aim was to characterize protein profiles in peripheral blood monocytes infected with cp BVDV isolate in vitro. Comparative profiling of the membrane and cytosolic proteins related to professional antigen presentation were assessed. The results showed that 47 bovine proteins, involved in immune function of professional APC have been significantly altered after cp BVDV infection. Overall, we hypothesize that by modulating expression levels of multiple proteins and genes related to immune responses BVDV could significantly compromise immune defense mechanisms resulting in uncontrolled immune activation or suppression.