Allen, Peter J.
Mischke, Charles C.
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Aquaculture methods are limited for white crappie (Pomoxis annularis), reducing production potential. Therefore, reproduction methods, including induced spawning, sperm cryopreservation and out-of-season spawning, were developed in tank systems. A two week acclimation period (15°C; 3-5 ppt salinity) was necessary to reduce disease-related mortality. Afterwards, four spawning induction hormones and a control were examined to induce spawning. Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone analogue and salmonid gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue performed the best in terms of spawning success and %ertilization. Sperm cryopreservation was effective using Hanks or Ca2+ree Hanks balanced salt solutions with 10%-methanol or 5%-dimethyl-sulfoxide as a cryoprotectant, frozen at 40°C/min. Out-of-season spawning experiments manipulated photoperiod and temperature over 3-wk (9% spawning success; 11% fertilization) and 6-wk (16% spawning success; 55% fertilization) seasonal shifts. Post-experiment maturation data indicate that females were in an intermediate development stage. These experiments demonstrate the potential of advanced spawning techniques to improve annual production of white crappie.
Culpepper, Charlie Marcus, "Development of White Crappie Pomoxis Annularis Reproduction Methods in Closed Aquaculture Systems" (2015). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 1483.