Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Horstemeyer, Mark F.

Committee Member

Rhee, Hongjoo

Committee Member

El Kadiri, Haitham

Committee Member

Doude, Haley R.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Mechanical Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering


In this study, we quantified the Chemistry-Process-Structure-Property (CPSP) relations of a Ti-6Al-4V/TiB functionally graded material to assess its ability to withstand large deformations in a high throughput manner. The functionally graded Ti-6Al-4V/TiB alloy was created by using a Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENS) process. A complex thermal history arose during the LENS process and thus induced a multiscale hierarchy of structures that in turn affected the mechanical properties. Here, we quantified the functionally graded chemical composition; functionally graded TiB particle size, number density, nearest neighbor distance, and particle fraction; grain size gradient; porosity gradient. In concert with these multiscale structures, we quantified the associated functionally graded elastic moduli and overall stress-strain behavior of eight materials with differing amounts of titanium, vanadium, aluminum, and boron with just one experiment under compression using digital image correlation techniques. We then corroborated our experimental stress behavior with independent hardening experiments. This paper joins not only the Process-Structure-Property (PSP) relations, but couples the different chemistries in an efficient manner to effectively create the CPSP relationships for analyzing titanium, aluminum, vanadium, and boron together. Since this methodology admits the CPSP coupling, the development of new alloys can be solved by using an inverse method. Finally, this experimental data now lays down the gauntlet for modeling the sequential CPSP relationships.