Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Carruth, Daniel W.

Committee Member

Ball, John E.

Committee Member

Burch, Reuben F.

Committee Member

Kageyama, Ichiro

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Industrial and System Engineering

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering


Recently, various self-driving and driving assistance systems such as Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) have been developed with the intent to reduce the number of motor vehicle accidents. While self-driving systems have been proven to reduce traffic accidents, the systems sometimes make other drivers confused because of their mechanical behavior. To avoid confusion and possible error, it is necessary to construct self-driving systems that exhibit human-like behaviors. Risk Potential theory has been used to construct models that successfully represent driver behavior, especially expert behavior. This project uses Risk Potential theory to construct and evaluate a collision avoidance driver model which uses braking to avoid potential collisions with pedestrians. As a first step, a basic driver model which uses Risk Potential theory is constructed and evaluated using metrics such as collision avoidance, comfortability, and false alarm avoidance. Second, human driving data is collected to observe driver’s risk perception during interactions with a pedestrian. Finally, our proposed driver models improve on standard RP model’s performance but comparisons of the models with observed human performance reveal opportunities for further improvement.