Emerson, Joseph P.

Committee Member

Beard, Debbie J.

Committee Member

Lewis, Edwin A.

Committee Member

Fitzkee, Nicholas C.

Committee Member

Mlsna, Todd E.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Department of Chemistry


This report details the activities and inhibition of metal-substituted human carbonic anhydrase II (M-HCA-II). The traditional activities (hydrolysis of CO2 and para-nitrophenol acetate) in addition to new activities (oxidation of 2-aminophenol, disproportionation of H2O2, and disproportionation of superoxide) were investigated. Values reported for the relative hydrolytic activities of M-HCA-IIs are reported here for the first time, ranging from 47.5 % (plus or minus 0.6) to 86 % (plus or minus 4) for the hydrolysis of CO2 and from 0.299 % (plus or minus 0.012) to 4.72 % (plus or minus 0.015) for the hydrolysis of para-nitrophenol acetate. With respect to new activities, only the oxidation of 2-aminophenol was observed. Turnover was observed for Fe-HCA-II (kcat/KM = 3.6 plus or minus 1.3 mM-1 s-1) and Cu-HCA-II (kcat/KM = 8 plus or minus 2 mM-1 s-1). Inhibition of Zn-, (di-substituted) Cu2-, and Cu/Zn-HCA-II hydrolysis of CO2 and para-nitrophenol acetate by sulfanilamide, coumarin, and ortho-coumaric acid were investigated. Sulfanilamide was shown to inhibit: Zn-HCA-II, Cu2-HCA-II, and Cu/Zn-HCA-II - (with CO2) KM = 8.9 plus or minus 1.1 microM, 11 plus or minus 2 microM, 8.8 plus or minus 1.4 microM and (with p-nitrophenyl acetate) KM = 8.4 plus or minus 1.0 microM, (none), 8.4 plus or minus 1.4 microM, respectively. No inhibition was observed for coumarin or ortho-coumaric acid or its derivatives for any CAs studied.