Advisor

Tidwell, Diane K.

Committee Member

Burney, Sandra Lynn

Committee Member

Williams, Ronald D., Jr.

Date of Degree

1-1-2013

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Major

Nutrition

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Department

Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion

Abstract

Rate of readmission among hospitalized heart failure (HF) patients is used as an indicator of quality and efficiency of healthcare. A low sodium diet is a component of the accepted treatment for HF. Instruction by dietitians may help reduce dietary sodium without negatively affecting quality of life. The effect of low sodium diet education on hospital readmission within 30 and 45 days of discharge for HF patients (N=52) was conducted. Chi-square analysis determined education did not significantly affect remittance within 30 (P=.143) or 45 days (P=.474). Patients readmitted within 30 days were older (P=.005). Men were more likely to be readmitted than women within 30 (P=.021) and 45 days (P=.019). Higher NT-proBNP levels were observed in individuals readmitted within 30 (P=.011) and 45 days (P=.010). Low sodium diet education did not affect readmission but older age, male sex, and higher NT-proBNP values increased the rate of readmission.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/18541

Comments

neurohormonal||hemodynamics||dietary sodium||fluid restriction||congestive heart failure

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