This study investigated the influence of sociocontextual factors on maternal caregiving behaviors in 27 Mexican American families with both a mother and father and a toddler. Observations of family and dyadic tasks or interactional scenarios in laboratory settings were used to assess the coparenting relationship and the mothers’ sensitivity, intrusiveness, and disengagement with their children. Mothers also completed demographic and acculturation questionnaires. Results showed that the mothers’ generation level significantly predicted sensitivity. Findings further revealed that coparental competition was significant in predicting intrusiveness in the mothers’ caregiving. Results show how culture, family, and characteristics of mothers collaborate to predict the mothers’ caregiving behaviors.



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